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Showing posts with label Personalized Medicine. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Personalized Medicine. Show all posts

Sunday, 17 January 2016

Autism PolyPill vs Personalized Medicine and the KD/MAD diet




The idea behind personalized medicine is the realization that humans are all slightly different and that some of the diseases they suffer, like autism, are also all slightly different.  In order to treat them optimally, you would need to use drugs and dosages customized to each person.





Here below are three slides used to illustrate Personalized Medicine in cancer care.  Instead of treating “cancer”, four sub-types are identified and then treated using four different drugs.  Each person only receiving the effective drug.













Autism is not cancer, but understanding cancer gives you a much better concept of what can underlie a highly complex disease like autism.  You need to consider multiple hits as in cancer, which is very similar to Russian Roulette.

The thing that does not seem to exist in cancer is the "double tap", when in a minority of cases, a moderate case sudden changes to a severe case.  This is caused by a new factor coming into play, or an existing factor that had been dormant. In cancer, metastasis is a progression of the existing condition, not something unrelated.  

In the above case there were just for four types of cancer and all you have to so is to find the molecular biomarker for each one.  Then you treat each person with the appropriate drug and avoid side effects from the wrong drugs.

Autism is much more complex because it has "layers" and these may change over time. You have to treat the outer layer first.  This explains why some effective autism treatments appear to "stop working".  Something else has started to work and now forms the outer layer.  This could be related to mast cells, mitochondrial dysfunction or probably a whole host of other factors.

The autism equivalent graphic above, would have people in multiple colours as if dressed.  Just as people change the colour of their clothes, some of the colours of each figure might vary over time and this is what really complicates things.

People with oxidative stress might be represented by having blue socks, reductive stress red socks and "no" stress black socks. There would be lots of blue socks and very few of red or black socks.

NAC for those with blue socks.




PolyPill

So my idea of a PolyPill arose from the idea that when a non-verbal three year old with some odd behaviors goes to his doctor, he might not come home empty handed, and not with those wholly inappropriate psychiatric drugs.  The PolyPill might contain some ingredients that were not necessary, but it would show that a single pill could produce marked improvements in the majority of cases.  All without any complicated and expensive genetic or metabolic testing.

Since I only treat one person, my PolyPill is really a perfect example of personalized medicine.  As time passes, it becomes even more tailor-made.

Monty’s big brother did recently ask why don’t you actually make the PolyPill?  Good question. I did look into this in some detail and even gave a presentation to the European drug regulator (EMA).  There are enormous barriers, few of which relate to developing the drug itself.

If I was James Simons (of the Simons Foundation) that is exactly what I would do, make a PolyPill that could help hundreds of thousands of people.  But unless I receive a call from them, I’ll be sticking with a personalized medicine called Monty’s PolyPill.

The huge advantage of Personalized Medicine is that it minimizes the number of drugs and quasi-drugs that you give.  Let's not pretend that nutraceuticals and OTC supplements are not drugs. This is a concern raised on this blog, just how many ingredients can you (safely) have?  

It certainly can be a bother dispensing them.  Your typical multivitamin contains 14+ ingredients, who would give their child 14 pills at breakfast?  Almost nobody.  But a single little multivitamin pill is just fine. Do they even need all 14?  Unlikely.



So, how many drugs can a PolyPill have?

That was Agnieszka's point in a recent comment.  Things do interact and this does include supplements as well as drugs.  It can be time consuming preparing all these ingredients, not to mention having to swallow them.

This is why someone took Dr Kelley's mitochondrial therapy and packaged it up and sell it as a single product, Mitospectra.




DAN! and Diets over Time

Another vaguely related issue is what happens to autism therapies over time.

It is clear that while allergies may moderate over time and hormonal changes have secondary effects, the core dysfunctions in autism are likely to be permanent.  You can treat them, but you probably cannot cure them.  None of my therapies seem to be disease changing.

So what happens to the thousands of kids, mainly in the US, who follow DAN therapies and diets?  This was raised recently on a popular autism blog and the conclusion was that, after a few years, the great majority of people give up.

This is rather sad.  It shows that the majority of those therapies had no significant effect on the majority of people that tried them, otherwise they would not have given up.

An example being the blog author, with one of those children who had a "second tap", that shifted him to the very severe kind of autism.  This became a new "outer layer", in Peter-speak.  What if that second tap was due to mitochondrial dysfunction (as appears to be relatively common)?  If that was the case, it is not surprising that the gluten free diet did not help, nor  HBOT etc.  Surprisingly, there actually is a diet that might have helped.  No, not the GAPS diet, but the Ketogenic Diet (KD); more a medical therapy than a diet, so well worth reading about.

I was surprised how much evidence there is that indicates that the Ketogenic Diet (and hence likely also the Modified Atkins Diet, MAD) MIGHT  help those with mitochondrial disease. There is no reason to think unrelated diets would do any good whatsoever.

In some cases the Ketogenic Diet can have disease changing effects, meaning you do not need to stay on it for life.  Many people transfer to the MAD.

So if you have a case of severe autism, resulting from a second tap, or a late regression, and nothing covered in this blog seems to help, test for mitochondrial disease.  

If Dr Kelley's therapies reverse the decline, but progress is painfully slow thereafter, it could be worth trying the KD or MAD.